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U.S. History Topics » Ethnic Groups » Native Americans

See Featured 34 Resources
Edward S. Curtis's The North American Indian: Photographic Images is one of the most significant and controversial representations of American Indian culture ever produced. Issued in a limited edition from 1907-1930, the publication continues to...  (Library of Congress)
American Indians of the Pacific Northwest features more than 2,300 photographs and 7,700 pages of text relating to the American Indians in two cultural areas of the Pacific Northwest: the Northwest Coast and Plateau. These...  (Library of Congress)
The West is an online companion to the 8-part PBS documentary. The site is divided into sections dealing with an overall tour, events in the West, places, people, and archives...  (WETA, supported by National Endowment for the Humanities)
American Masters: Edward Curtis offers an essay, timeline, and other information about this photographer who took more than 40,000 images and recorded rare ethnographic information from over 80 American Indian tribal...  (WNET, supported by National Endowment for the Humanities)
Campfire Stories with George Catlin: An Encounter of Two Cultures takes students on a virtual journey with the artist and ethnologist to meet Native Americans of the 1830s. His portraits, scenes of American Indian life, and writings depict cultures...  (Smithsonian Institution)
The People... Native Americans offers more than 30 collections of photos, essays, and other resources for learning about American Indians. Topics include daily life for Native American women in the late 1800s, the...  (Library of Congress)
Raid on Deerfield: the Many Stories of 1704 tells the story that began when 300 French and Native allies invaded the English settlement of Deerfield, MA. They captured 112 Deerfield men, women, and children, whom they marched...  (Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association (PVMA), supported by Multiple Agencies)
Lakota Winter Counts offers the world's largest database of Lakota "winter counts" -- pictures drawn on cloth or buffalo hide to remember each year's key events (1701 to 1905). Ten Lakota bands' winter...  (National Museum of Natural History, supported by Smithsonian Institution)
The Trail of Tears: The Forced Relocation of the Cherokee Nation tells about the removal of the Cherokee Nation from their ancestral homeland (NC, TN, GA, AL) to "Indian Territory" (now Oklahoma). After passage of the Indian Removal Act and the...  (National Park Service, Teaching with Historic Places)
Native American History Month for Teachers provides lesson ideas, primary documents, and other resources for teaching about Native American history. Learn about treaties, Native American cultures across the U.S., and more...  (Multiple Agencies) provides lessons, teaching guides, best practices, and other resources for teaching history. See videos on "what is historical thinking," teaching history in elementary school, and...  (, supported by Department of Education)
Pictures of Indians in the United States presents nearly 200 photos and drawings of Native Americans -- agriculture, burial customs, councils, dances, fishing, food preparation, homes, hunting, portraits, pottery, villages...  (National Archives and Records Administration)
First American West: The Ohio River Valley, 1750-1820 consists of letters, journals, books, newspapers, maps, and images documenting the land, peoples, and exploration of the trans-Appalachian West. The first European travelers, their...  (Library of Congress)
American Southwest presents a travel itinerary of 58 historic places across Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico. It includes forts built to protect mail routes and settlers, missions and churches...  (National Register of Historic Places, supported by National Park Service)
History of the American West, 1860-1920 features 30,000 photos of Colorado towns and landscapes that document the role of mining in the history of Colorado and the West. Photos of Native Americans from more than 40 tribes...  (Library of Congress)
Arctic Studies Center provides resources on museum exhibitions, including Viking expeditions, the Kennewick man controversy, masks and dances of the various Indian groups, and native animals...  (National Museum of Natural History, supported by Smithsonian Institution)
The Sioux Treaty of 1868 examines Native American sovereignty and the Constitutional power granted to the president and the Senate to make treaties with foreign nations. The site presents the Treaty and...  (National Archives and Records Administration)
In the Beginning Was the Word: The Russian Church and Native Alaskan Cultures resuscitates the vibrant, moving human exchanges that took place between the priests of the Russian Orthodox Church and Native Alaskans during the years 1794 to 1915...  (Library of Congress)
Department of Anthropology offers guidebooks and source directories on many topics in anthropology, with special concentrations on archeology and Native Americans. The site also contains directories of...  (National Museum of Natural History, supported by Smithsonian Institution)
Knife River: Early Village Life on the Plains describes village life in the Hidatsa and Mandan tribes during the peak of their culture in the early 19th century (North Dakota). It helps students compare information about these...  (National Park Service, Teaching with Historic Places)
San Antonio Missions: Spanish Influence in Texas explores a group of 18th-century missions in modern San Antonio to learn about the Spanish influence on native peoples and the patterns of Texas culture. Students can learn about the...  (National Park Service, Teaching with Historic Places)
Chaco Culture National Historical Park presents artifacts from the Chaco Canyon, an area of the Colorado Plateau occupied by Native Americans for over 10,000 years. Images of pottery, ceramics, beads, pendants...  (Museum Management, supported by National Park Service)
Tonto National Monument: Saving a National Treasure tells the story of the Salado people, who thrived in the Arizona valley where Tonto Creek joins the Salt River (1050-1450 AD). The Salado culture combined customs of several American...  (National Park Service, Teaching with Historic Places)
Indian Boarding Schools: Civilizing the Native Spirit inivites students to explore the forced acculturation of American Indians through government-run boarding schools. In the late 1800s, thousands of Native American children were sent...  (Library of Congress)
The Battle of Horseshoe Bend: Collisions of Cultures looks at the decisive battle of the Creek War (1813-1814), where Andrew Jackson fought 1,000 American Indian warriors who were trying to regain autonomy. It examines the history of...  (National Park Service, Teaching with Historic Places)
Gran Quivira: A Blending of Cultures in a Pueblo Indian Village can help students understand daily life and how it changed for the Pueblo Indians of Gran Quivira, the largest of the three Salinas pueblos located in central New Mexico...  (National Park Service, Teaching with Historic Places)
Effigy Mounds National Monument Teacher's Guide provides more than 40 lesson ideas developed by teachers to help students learn about Eastern Woodland Native Americans who lived in the upper Mississippi River valley (southwestern...  (National Park Service)
Knife River Indian Villages -- Teachers Guide offers information and activities about the American Indians of the Northern Plains who lived in the area of the Knife River where it enters the Missouri. This area is now Knife River...  (National Park Service)
Maps of Indian Territory, the Dawes Act, and Will Rogers' Enrollment Case File encourages students to study a variety of documents to understand the impact of a particular piece of legislation and relates to the powers granted to Congress in Article I, Section 8...  (National Archives and Records Administration)
Omaha Indian Music offers a sampling of traditional Omaha Indian music. The sound recordings include wax cylinder recordings made in the 1890s, as well as songs and spoken-word segments from the 1983...  (Library of Congress)
Teacher and Student Resources at the National Museum of American Art offers the "Pueblo Indian Watercolors" teachers guide on interpreting the meaning of artistic images, an interactive guide on one of America's most powerful African-American painters...  (National Museum of American Art, supported by Smithsonian Institution)
Kid's Korner at Tumacácori National Historical Park is a site where children can learn about customs and games of the first Europeans who came to southern Arizona and the native people who lived there in the 1600s. The site includes...  (National Park Service)
Reservation Controversies: Then and Now is built around two scenarios that help students understand issues related to American Indian reservations. Under one scenario, set in 1973, the student plays the role of agent for a...  (Library of Congress)
Indian Mounds of Mississippi is a guide to these mounds, built between 100 B.C. and 1700 A.D. to bury important members of tribes and to serve as platforms for temples or residences of chiefs. This website...  (National Register of Historic Places, supported by National Park Service)

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