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Ancient Mesopotamia: This History, Our History

explores the everyday lives of people who lived thousands of years ago in the area now called Iraq. Learn about the "cradle of civilization" through lessons and artifacts organized around 14 themes: archaeology, prehistory, the first farmers, the first cities, daily life, religion, the role of women, the invention of writing, literature, law and government, mathematics and measurement, science and technology, art and architecture, and warfare and empire. (University of Chicago, Institute of Museum and Library Services)

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Interesting Fact:

Writing emerged in many different cultures and in numerous locations throughout the ancient world. It was not the creation of any one people. However, the Sumerians of ancient Mesopotamia are credited with inventing the earliest form of writing, which appeared ca. 3500 BC. Clay tablets, from around 3200 BC., were unearthed by Oriental Institute archaeologists at the site of Tell Asmar in Iraq.
A painting of Babylon, the artist has recreated the view of the eastern portion of the city as it is thought to have looked during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562 BC).

Eastern portion of city, 604-562 BC

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