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U.S. History Topics » Government » Courts

Federal Judicial Center

is the education and research agency for the federal courts. Learn about the federal court system - how the various courts work, are organized, and fit into the U.S. system of government. See histories of the Supreme Court, courts of appeals, district courts, circuit courts, and other courts. Find units for teaching about notable federal trials -- the Sedition Act trials, the Aaron Burr treason trial, Amistad, Chinese exclusion and the federal courts, and others. (Federal Judicial Center)

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Interesting Fact:

Article III of the Constitution places the judicial power of the federal government in "one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts" as the Congress might decide to establish. The Constitution grants the Supreme Court original jurisdiction in cases in which states are a party and those involving diplomats, but leaves for Congress to determine the size and responsibilities of the Court that is the capstone of the federal judiciary.
The U.S. District Court for the District of Indiana met here until the creation of the Southern District in 1928.

Historic federal courthouses

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