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World Studies » Countries & Continents » Arctic, Antarctica

MaudNESS Cruise

tells the story of a 56-day cruise into the Southern Ocean (Antarctic) to learn about conditions and events that cause ocean circulation, a key factor in setting the climate around the world. The story is told through a journal kept by a 5th grade teacher aboard the icebreaker ship. Learn about crew members (their roles and backgrounds). See instruments used to measure salinity, oxygen, ice, and weather. Find out what the crew learned. (National Science Foundation)

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Interesting Fact:

No nation owns Antarctica, and you don't need a passport to enter it. The Antarctic Treaty is a unique international agreement that guides policy and practice on this huge continent. It was written in 1959 and formally established in 1961. Twelve countries signed the original document, and now there are 45 countries around the world that follow its laws. It is an ongoing model of international cooperation.
Emperor penguins photograph from the ROPEX Cruise


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