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U.S. Time Periods » 1801-1861: Expansion

The Trail of Tears: The Forced Relocation of the Cherokee Nation

tells about the removal of the Cherokee Nation from their ancestral homeland (NC, TN, GA, AL) to "Indian Territory" (now Oklahoma). After passage of the Indian Removal Act and the discovery of gold on Cherokee lands (1830), about 100,000 American Indians living between the original 13 states and the Mississippi River were relocated to Oklahoma. The trails they followed came to be known as the Trail of Tears. (National Park Service, Teaching with Historic Places)

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Interesting Fact:

Between the 1830 Indian Removal Act and 1850, the U.S. government used forced treaties and/or U.S. Army action to move about 100,000 American Indians living east of the Mississippi River, westward to Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma.
Map of land occupied by Southeastern Tribes in the 1820s.

Southeastern tribes, 1820s

 This website also appears in:
U.S. History Topics »  Ethnic Groups »  Native Americans
U.S. History Topics »  Movements »  Immigration & Migration
U.S. Time Periods »  1801-1861: Expansion » 

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