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U.S. Time Periods » 1945-Present: Contemporary America

Brown v. Board: Five Communities That Changed America

describes five cases the Supreme Court agreed to hear in 1952 under one title: Brown v. Board of Education. The cases originated in Delaware, Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, and Washington, D.C. Each contested the "separate but equal" doctrine of the Court's 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision, which by the 1950s had resulted in 17 states requiring racial segregation in public schools and 4 states allowing it. (National Park Service, Teaching with Historic Places)

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Protesting school segregation, St. Louis, Missouri. (Courtesy of the St. Louis Post Dispatch)

Protesting school segregation

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U.S. History Topics »  Ethnic Groups »  African Americans
U.S. History Topics »  Movements »  Civil Rights
U.S. Time Periods »  1945-Present: Contemporary America » 

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