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U.S. Time Periods » 1945-Present: Contemporary America

Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site

features Monroe Elementary, the school attended in 1950 by third grader Linda Brown. Because she was black, Brown was barred from attending a white school much closer to her home. The cases brought by father and others led to the Supreme Court's unanimous decision in 1954 that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. (National Park Service)

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Interesting Fact:

In the early days of the civil rights movement, litigation and lobbying were the focus of integration efforts. From 1955 to 1965, however, "direct action" was the strategy -- primarily bus boycotts, sit-ins, freedom rides, and social movements
NAACP special counsul Thurgood Marshall, Photograph by Oliver F. Atkins -- Photograph courtesy of Atkins Collection, George Mason University Libraries

Thurgood Marshall

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U.S. History Topics »  Movements »  Civil Rights
U.S. Time Periods »  1945-Present: Contemporary America » 

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