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U.S. History Topics » States & Regions » Virginia

Waterford, Virginia: From Mill Town to National Historic Landmark

tells the story of a village west of Washington, D.C. In 1733, Amos Janney purchased 400 acres along Catoctin Creek and built a mill for grinding flour and sawing wood. As fellow Quakers came to the area seeking fertile farmlands, a settlement grew up around "Janney's Mill." Renamed Waterford in the 1790s, the settlement prospered. Markets were expanded by the Chesapeake/Ohio Canal and Baltimore/Ohio Railroad. The area was devasted by the Civil War and never returned to its pre-war success. (National Park Service, Teaching with Historic Places)

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View down Main Street hill, circa 1862. (The Waterford Foundation)

Main Street hill, circa 1862

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U.S. Time Periods »  1607-1763: Colonization » 
U.S. Time Periods »  1763-1815: Revolution » 
U.S. Time Periods »  1801-1861: Expansion » 
U.S. Time Periods »  1850-1877: Civil War & Reconstruction » 

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