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U.S. History Topics » States & Regions » South

Thurmond: A Town Born from Coal Mines and Railroads

recounts the story of the New River Gorge area in West Virginia. It is mountainous and remained sparsely populated and largely inaccessible until 1873, when the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company laid track through the gorge. Coal mining companies, towns, and camps appeared almost overnight to mine the coal deposits. One of these towns, the railroading town of Thurmond, reached its peak as the major revenue producer for the C&O Railroad during the early 1900s—a time when coal was king. (National Park Service, Teaching with Historic Places)

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A postcard picture of Thurmond depot, photographer and date unknown.

The Thurmond depot

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U.S. Time Periods »  1865-1920: Modern America » 

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