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U.S. History Topics » Wars » Civil War

Chatham Plantation: Witness to the Civil War

recounts what happened at this plantation overlooking Fredericksburg, Virginia. The house served as a headquarters and communications center for generals and commanders. When General Irvin McDowell was housed there, President Lincoln visited to confer with about strategy. Later in the war, the house served as a hospital where Clara Barton and Walt Whitman tended to wounded soldiers. Four major battles were fought in the countryside surrounding Chatham. (National Park Service, Teaching with Historic Places)

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Interesting Fact:

Virginia seceded from the Union in April 1861. As the northernmost state in the Confederacy, it became the central ground over which major campaigns of the Civil War were fought. From the Battle of Manassas (Bull Run) in 1861 to the surrender at Appomattox Court House in 1865, the armies of the North and the South moved to and fro across Virginia's landscape.
Photo of Chatham, c. 1862, (Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park)

Chatham, c. 1862

 This website also appears in:
U.S. History Topics »  States & Regions »  Virginia
U.S. Time Periods »  1850-1877: Civil War & Reconstruction » 

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